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Chinas green development strategy

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Chinas green development strategy

Date of release:2018-03-21 Author:广州龙粤环保 Click:

Only by vigorously developing a green economy can we effectively break through the bottleneck of resource and environment, and occupy an active and favorable position in the long-term economic and social development.

With the continuous questioning of the problems existing in the traditional industrialization and urbanization model, the concept of green has been proposed for more than 50 years. This is an introspection of human production and lifestyle.

In 1962, American Carson published "Silent Spring", reflecting on the environmental damage caused by traditional industrial civilization, and arousing people's attention to environmental protection. In 1972, the Club of Rome published "The Limits of Growth," raising serious questions about the sustainability of the high-consumption, high-pollution growth model in Western industrialized countries.

 However, at the time, the concept of green was mainly focused on the governance of pollution at the end. In 1987, the World Commission on Environment and Development published “Our Common Future”, emphasizing the improvement of the efficiency of the use of existing resources and the reduction of pollution emissions through the development and effective use of new resources. In 1989, the British environmental economist Pierce et al. In the "Green Economy Blueprint", the concept of a green economy was first proposed, emphasizing that through the proper valuation of resources and environmental products and services, the unity of economic development and environmental protection can be achieved, thus achieving sustainable development.

In the past two years, under the dual pressure of economic recovery and climate change, the United States, the European Union, Japan, and South Korea have all put forward green development strategies and implemented the “Green New Deal.” The rapid development of green economy represents a new trend in international economic development. . China is also making strategic choices for development.

Choose realistic needs for green development

Solve the inevitable requirements of China's resources and environmental constraints. At present, our country is in the stage of rapid development of industrialization and urbanization. According to international experience, this process needs to consume a lot of resources and energy; only when per capita income reaches about 10,000 US dollars, the growth rate of per capita energy consumption and pollution emission will only slow down, and finally it will remain stable or slightly decline. Although China’s total resources are relatively abundant, per capita resources are low, and the per capita possession of water resources and cultivated land is only 28% and 43% of the world’s average level. Per capita reserves of oil and natural gas are less than 10% of the world average. At the same time, the discharge of industrial waste water, waste gas and solid waste kept a relatively high growth, which caused great pressure on the ecological environment. The water quality of major rivers and lakes deteriorated; soil and water loss and desertification are serious; large-scale mining of mineral resources causes land subsidence, water level decline, vegetation destruction, etc.; environmental problems cause harm to people's health from time to time.

The inevitable requirement of expanding domestic demand. After the international financial crisis, the global economic structure is facing major and profound adjustments. China’s economic growth is highly dependent on the international market, the investment rate is high, and the pattern of low consumption rates will be difficult to sustain. This requires us to strive to open up the domestic market and expand. Domestic demand enhances the ability to withstand international market risks. Take the energy conservation and environmental protection industry as an example. From the perspective of international experience, in the 1970s, Japan’s investment in energy saving and environmental protection accounted for about 33% of the total investment in fixed assets in the society. This not only helps solve the resource and environmental problems during the economic takeoff stage, but also effectively pulls. Economic growth. China's energy-saving and environmental protection industry has a vast market. In 2008, the total output value reached 1.55 trillion yuan, and the number of employed people reached more than 37 million. According to conservative estimates, the total output value of energy-saving and environmental protection industries can double in the next three years.

Accelerate the transformation of the mode of economic development and enhance the international competitiveness of the inevitable requirements. At present, major countries in the world have taken new energy, new materials, bio-medicine, energy conservation and environmental protection as the focus of a new round of industrial development and have seized the commanding heights of future economic development. Compared with traditional industries, there is a small gap between China's new technology and developed countries. Such as new energy, China has initially formed a relatively large-scale, relatively complete system of new energy industries, coupled with broad market prospects, is expected to form a cost advantage compared with developed countries, compared with developing countries have a technological advantage of the unique competitiveness . Vigorously developing a green economy can promote the optimization and upgrading of industrial structure, form a new economic growth point, and win the initiative in the international economic and technological competition.

Necessity of responding to climate change. The Chinese government attaches great importance to the issue of climate change, formulated and implemented a national plan to address climate change, and promised that by 2020, the carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP will fall by 40% to 45% compared with 2005, and non-fossil energy will account for primary energy consumption. The proportion reached about 15%. To achieve this goal, we must vigorously adjust the economic structure and energy structure, accelerate the development of strategic emerging industries and modern service industries, and make economic development mainly rely on increasing the consumption of material resources to rely mainly on scientific and technological progress, improving the quality of workers, and managing innovation. This will make the economy "green."

Five industries focus

The green economy is supported by the upgrading and transformation of traditional industries, and is guided by the development of green and emerging industries. While maintaining stable economic growth, it also promotes technological innovation, creates job opportunities, and reduces the consumption of resources and energy by economic and social development and negative impact on the ecological environment. .

The first is the upgrading of traditional industries. Strengthen the resource conservation, environmental protection technology research and development and introduction and digestion, and carry out technological transformation of key industries, key enterprises, key projects, and key technological processes to improve resource production efficiency and control pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions. We will formulate stricter technical standards for environment, safety, energy consumption, water consumption, and comprehensive utilization of resources, and strictly control the industrial scale of high energy consumption and high pollution. Close a batch of backward production capacity that wastes resources, pollutes the environment, and does not have safe production. Use information technology to transform and upgrade traditional industries.

The second is the energy-saving industry. According to calculations, China's technologically feasible and economically reasonable energy-saving potential exceeds 400 million tons of standard coal, which can drive a trillion yuan in investment. To promote the development of energy-saving industries, we must increase the research and development of key technologies for energy conservation and common technologies, equipment and components, and focus on low-grade waste heat power generation, high-efficiency energy-saving motors, high-performance thermal insulation materials, and utilization of medium and low-concentration gas. Energy-saving technologies and equipment. Second, we must adopt fiscal and taxation measures to promote the promotion and application of mature technologies, equipment, and products. We must continue to implement the “ten key energy conservation projects” and “energy saving products that benefit the people”. Third, we must innovate mechanisms and vigorously develop energy-saving service industries.

The third is the comprehensive utilization of resources industry. China has accumulated nearly 7 billion tons of industrial solid waste, and a large amount of waste resources have not been recycled. With the continuous increase of stock volume, there is a lot of room for industrial development. First, we must organize and develop a number of key circular economy projects such as the associated mineral resources and the comprehensive utilization of bulk solid wastes, the utilization of “urban minerals” and the utilization of kitchen waste, and the comprehensive utilization of straw. Second, we must vigorously promote the development of the remanufacturing industry. Third, we must strengthen the construction of a renewable resource recovery system, and build and improve a “three-in-one” renewable resource recycling system that aims at urban communities and villages as well as classified recycling stations, professional recycling, and distribution and distribution markets. Fourth, we must promote the international recycling of renewable resources and enhance the accessibility of international renewable resources.

The fourth is the new energy industry. New energy has the characteristics of low-carbon cleanliness and currently supplies almost one-fifth of the world's electricity. Among them, wind power generation is growing at a rate of 30% per year, and the growth rate of solar energy exceeds 40%. The relevant agencies expect that the proportion of clean energy in the primary energy structure will reach 32.2% by 2050. The potential for new energy development in China is huge. The annual renewable energy resources available amount to 7.3 billion tons of standard coal, while the current development volume is less than 50 million tons of standard coal, which has huge room for improvement. In recent years, China's new energy has developed rapidly. The solar energy collection area ranks first in the world; in 2009, the installed capacity of wind power exceeded 20 million kilowatts, ranking second in the world, and the scale under construction reached 10 million kilowatts; 19 million kilowatt-class nuclear power units were under construction; A large megawatt solar photovoltaic demonstration project has been launched. Biomass energy utilization has also been developed rapidly.

The fifth is the environmental protection industry. The research shows that the investment multiplier for environmental protection investment on GDP is about 1.4. It is estimated that the environmental protection investment during the 12th Five-Year Plan period is about 3.1 trillion yuan, and the increase in GDP is about 4.34 trillion yuan. First, we must strengthen water environmental protection. Accelerate the construction of urban sewage treatment plants and supporting pipe networks, promote the prevention and control of water pollution in key areas, promote the construction of wastewater reclamation facilities in severely water-short cities, and second, strengthen environmental protection of the atmosphere. Intensify the construction of desulphurization facilities for coal-fired power plants, accelerate the comprehensive improvement of sulfur dioxide in key energy-consuming industries, accelerate the implementation of nitrogen oxide control demonstration projects for coal-fired power plants and motor vehicles, implement a city air cleaning action plan, and strengthen the construction of solid waste treatment facilities. . Accelerate the construction of municipal solid waste treatment facilities, promote the construction of waste incineration power generation farms, vigorously promote the harmless disposal of sludge and the construction of medical waste and hazardous waste treatment facilities, and strengthen the comprehensive treatment of heavy metal pollution.

In addition, the green economy also includes the development of strategic emerging industries such as electronic technology, biology, aerospace, new materials, and the ocean.

Development of green economy policy measures

Improve the policy system and improve the incentive mechanism. We will further promote the reform of resource product prices, implement a reform program for refined oil prices and taxes, and improve the mechanism for the formation of natural gas prices. Continue to implement policies such as differential electricity price, desulfurization electricity price, CBM power generation price addition, waste heat and residual pressure power generation, etc., and improve the power generation price management and cost sharing mechanism for renewable energy. We will implement and improve the collection and use of wastewater treatment fees, and raise the payment standards for pollutant discharge fees for heavy metal pollutants. Promote the establishment of ecological environment compensation mechanism. Improve the paid use of mineral resources system. Increase tax and financial support for the green economy.

Strengthen planning guidance and implement work responsibilities. China's “Eleventh Five-Year Plan” national economic and social development plan for the first time included energy conservation and emission reduction as a binding indicator in the plan, identified a number of major projects for energy conservation, emission reduction, environmental protection, and elimination of outdated production targets, and implemented strict regulations. Energy-saving emission reduction sub-provincial assessment system. Through joint efforts of all parties, from 2006 to 2009, the energy consumption per unit of GDP in China has been reduced by 14.38%, and the emissions of sulfur dioxide and chemical oxygen demand have dropped by 13.14% and 9.66% respectively. Practice has proved that the formulation of a scientific, comprehensive, targeted and operational planning is in line with China's national conditions and has achieved remarkable results. At the same time, when compiling the Outline of the National Economic and Social Development Plan for the Twelfth Five-Year Plan, the development of green economy should be highlighted as an important content. Further clarify the guiding ideology, development goals, and major measures. At the same time, we must pay close attention to the preparation of the "12th Five-Year Plan" and even a longer period of the development of green economy, energy-saving emission reduction, ecological environmental protection, the development of new energy and other special long-term plans. In the actual work, it is necessary to further clarify the responsibilities, assessment and evaluation systems at all levels of government in respect of energy saving and emission reduction, and intensify supervision and inspection to ensure that all tasks are implemented.

Highlight independent innovation and strengthen scientific and technological support. Strengthen the technological innovation system and capacity building, break through the key technical bottlenecks, and protect intellectual property rights. In the areas of improving energy efficiency, clean coal utilization, comprehensive pollution control, new energy, biology, aerospace, and new materials, we have overcome a number of key and common technologies. Accelerate the transformation of scientific and technological achievements and demonstration of industrialization, and increase the promotion and application of advanced achievements and technologies. Actively introduce, digest and absorb advanced international technologies.

Increase capital investment and implement key projects. Increase financial support for green economy at all levels, accelerate the promotion of "ten energy conservation projects," resource recycling projects, large-scale environmental protection projects, support the accelerated development of hydropower, nuclear energy, wind energy, and solar energy, and vigorously promote energy-efficient and environmentally friendly Products, the implementation of clean production and technological transformation, and actively build a green building, green transport system, form the most direct and most effective demand for green economy.

Improve the service system and optimize the market environment. Promote new mechanisms for contract energy management and explore various modes of implementation. Encourage BOT and other modes of construction and operation. The pilot project of flue gas desulphurization franchise was carried out to regulate the franchising of urban sewage and waste treatment. Improve access standards, break local protection, and create a fair market environment for enterprises.

Strengthen publicity and education and promote green consumption. Strengthen the education of resources and environmental conditions and promote the concept of green consumption and moderate consumption. Actively implement the energy efficiency and environmental labeling system to increase consumer green purchasing power.

The development of a green economy is both a tough battle and a protracted war. We must regard the development of the green economy as an important means to adjust the economic structure and change the mode of development, and promote the sound and rapid economic and social development.


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